Eravikulam National Park, Idukki

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Eravikulam National Park, Idukki

Eravikulam National Park in Kerala is located along the top of the Southern Western Ghats in the High Ranges (Kannan Devan Hills) in Devikolam Taluk of Idukki district.

Eravikulam National Park, IdukkiEravikulam was declared as a sanctuary in 1975. Considering the ecological, faunal, floral, geo-morphological and zoological importance, it was declared as an Eravikulam National Park in the year 1978. The National park is divided into 3 regions - the Core area, the Buffer area and the Tourism area.

The main attraction of the Eravikulam National Park is the park holds the largest viable population of the rare Nilgiri Tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius). Apart from Nilgiri Tahr, the Park is also popular for little known fauna such as Nilgiri Marten, Ruddy Mongoose, Small Clawed Otter, Dusky striped Squirrel etc.

The Eravikulam National Park is spread to an area about 97 Sq. Km with mostly of high altitude grasslands that are interspersed with Sholas which is situated 2,000 meters height above sea level. The topography consists of high altitude grasslands interspersed by sholas. Many perennial streams criss-cross the national park. They join as one to create tributaries of Periyar River as well as Chalakudiyar River on the west as well as the east flowing Kaveri River in Tamilnadu. You can also see Lakkom Waterfalls is in this area.

Twenty Six different types of mammals can be seen in the Eravikulam National Park including the largest surviving population of Nilgiri Tahr (750 in number). The other ungulates are Gaur, Indian Muntjac and Sambar Deer. Golden Jackal, Jungle Cat, Wild dog, Dhole, leopard and tiger are the main predators. Some little recognized animals like Nilgiri langur, Stripe-necked Mongoose, Indian Porcupine, Nilgiri Marten, small clawed otter, Ruddy Mongoose are also found in this park. Elephants also make regular visits.

132 different types of birds have been found at Eravikulam National Park which includes endemics like Black-and-orange Flycatcher, Nilgiri Pipit, Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, Nilgiri Verditer Flycatcher and Kerala Laughingthrush.

19 species of amphibians have been recorded in the park.

Rajamalai is the tourism zone of the Eravikulam National Park, where the visitors are taken in forest department vehicles and introduced to the shola - grassland eco system unique to this region. There is a very informative interpretation centre at Rajamalai.

Tourists are permitted only in the tourism region that is at the Rajamala zone in Eravikulam National Park. Trekking facilities are also available at this place. Anamudi (siruated 2694 meters above sea level), the highest peak, south of Himalayas, is located at southern part of the park. The very tall Anamudi, masked in a thin layer of mist, after which you can see suddenly swathed in sunlight, is really a sight so wonderful that it's going to unforgettable for every visitor. Neelakurinji, a rare and exclusive varieties of flowers which grow just the once in every twelve years, grows abundantly on these grasslands, changing huge regions of mountainous environment into floral celebration. A large amount of visitors visit Eravikulam National Park to witness this wonder at this blue-spangled occurrence.

Visiting hours: 7:00 AM to 6:00 PM

Entry Fee at Eravikulam National Park:

Entry fee for Indians: Rs. 15/- per head per day
Entry fee for foreigners: Rs. 200/- per head per day
Entry fee for children below 12 years and bonafied students on tour: Rs. 5/- per head per day

Fee for video and movie cameras: Rs. 2000/- day
Fee for ordinary cameras: Rs. 25/- per day

Entry fee for vehicles

Heavy vehicles: Rs. 200/- day
Light vehicles: Rs. 50/- per day
Others (Two and three wheelers): Rs. 20/- per day

Important Note: Please do not make this your travel destination during the early months of the year; since the park may be closed for visitors because it is calving time of the Tahr.

How to get there:

Nearest Airport: Cochin International Airport or Nedumbassery Airport (IATA: COK, ICAO: VOCI)

Nearest Railway Station: Aluva Railway Station

Road: The only motorable road inside the Park, passes through the southern extremity inside the tourism zone (Rajamala) to the Rajamallay tea estate. Munnar is the nearest town located at a distance of 13 Km and well connected by roads from Kerala and Tamilnadu.

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